Common reasons for sciatica and lower back pain include:
- Herniated or Bulging Discs: The discs between the vertebrae in the spine can degenerate or become damaged over time. When one of these discs bulges or herniates, it can put pressure on nearby nerves, including the sciatic nerve.
- Spinal Stenosis: This is a condition where the spinal canal narrows, putting pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. It often occurs with aging.
- Spondylolisthesis: This is when one vertebra slips forward over another, which can compress nerves and cause pain.
- Muscle Strain: Overuse or improper use of the back muscles can lead to muscle strain and lower back pain.
- Pregnancy: As you mentioned, pregnancy can also lead to lower back pain due to the additional weight and changes in posture that occur during pregnancy.
- Sitting for Prolonged Periods: Office workers who sit for long hours without proper ergonomics can develop lower back pain.
- Injury or Trauma: An injury or trauma to the lower back can result in nerve compression and pain.
Treatment for lower back pain and sciatica often depends on the underlying cause and can include:
- Physical Therapy: Exercises and stretches to strengthen the back and improve flexibility, using recovery systems.
- Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, muscle relaxants, or prescription medications may be recommended.
- Epidural Steroid Injections: These injections can reduce inflammation and relieve pain in some cases.
- Surgery: In severe cases or when conservative treatments fail, surgical intervention may be necessary to relieve pressure on the nerve.
- Lifestyle Changes: Maintaining proper posture, regular exercise, and weight management can help prevent and manage lower back pain.
How to prevent this disease
Prevention varies, depending on the cause of the nerve damage. Avoid prolonged sitting or lying with pressure on the buttocks.
Having strong back and abdominal muscles is important to avoid sciatica. As you get older, it's a good idea to do exercises to strengthen your core and use compression shorts.
ref. https://www.pennmedicine.org/for-patients-and-visitors/patient information/conditions-treated-a-to-z/sciatica